The Philippine city of Angeles – home to a former US military base – has long been a hub for “sex tourism”: illegal prostitution between foreign men and Filipino girls, often still teenagers and trafficked into the industry, or young women driven to sex trafficking by family pressures and economic desperation. The closure of U.S. bases in these two locations didn`t change the scenario much – it only changed the customer base. Fields Avenue near Clark (Angeles) has continued to develop as a center of the sex tourism industry under the umbrella of “entertainment” and “hospitality.” Olongapo`s girls` bars were closed by then-Governor Jane Gordon; however, they only moved to the nearby town of Barrio Baretto, which contains a number of at least 40 bars that function as prostitution centers. [21] Prostitution in the Philippines is illegal, although somewhat tolerated, with few prosecutions of sex workers. Penalties are up to life imprisonment for those involved in human trafficking, which falls under the 2003 Anti-Trafficking Act. [1] Prostitution is possible in bars, karaoke bars (also known as KTV), massage parlors, brothels (also known as casa), street walkers and escort services. [2] More than 150 women and girls interviewed by The Fuller Project in Angeles City said they wanted to leave prostitution but did not know how. People are not aware of some international, Filipino and Makati City policies on sex tourism. However, they know that it is illegal in the country which is the largest Catholic country in Asia. Some respondents shared their thoughts on how to report the practice to authorities, but they do not know how, as it is assumed that the operator of these facilities has a close connection to the government [12-14]. Although prostitution is illegal in the Philippines, it is easy for locals and visitors to find prostitutes in bars and massage parlors [9].

Prostitution began around Clark Air Force Base in Angeles City in the early 1960s, when the base rose to prominence due to the Vietnam War. In the 1970s, there were no less than 30 girly bars on the main street of Olongapo town, catering to the needs of U.S. Navy troops visiting Subic Naval Base. The city was given the pseudonym “Sin City”. The closure of U.S. bases in these two locations didn`t change the scenario much — it only changed the customer base. Fields Avenue near Clark, Angeles, Pampanga has continued to develop as a center of the sex tourism industry, under the umbrella of “entertainment” and “hospitality”. Olongapo`s girls` bars were closed by then-Governor Jane Gordon; however, they only moved to the nearby town of Barrio Baretto, which contains a number of at least 40 bars that function as prostitution centers [10].

This research therefore concludes that sex tourism is a growing sub-industry of tourism. More foreign and domestic tourists looking for sexual satisfaction in Makati City will allow for continued growth. It is also considered an invulnerable practice because it is very difficult to determine where they are and most of the information about it is based on opinions and assumptions. However, it is believed that it really exists with the presence of confessions found in electronic sources of tourists who have tried the service themselves, and based on real experiences of local tourists during their stay near Padre Burgos Street, Makati City. This study also shows that although people are somewhat confused about the implementation of laws, they are still aware of the illegality of this practice, as well as the whole concept of it. The researcher also learned that the main market for this sub-industry is foreign tourists, who are mostly solo travelers with a general image of wealthy, and that harmfulness is at its peak during sex with a prostitute, as well as the harm that a prostitute could get from her clients such as sexually transmitted diseases. Some women join the prostitution industry after becoming single mothers. [22] The reasons for this vary – unpopularity of artificial contraception in the Philippines,[23] inadequate sex education, delays in implementing birth control legislation, and macho attitudes among many Filipino men. More than half of the children born in the Philippines each year are illegitimate,[24] and the percentage of illegitimate children is increasing by nearly 2% per year. [25] [26] [27] [28] The city of Makati, Philippines, has a very good reputation in terms of development and should avoid having bad image scratches that can come from the presence of sex tourism. The Ministry of Tourism should also play a big role in stopping this so-called madness as it has the support of the population.

Nightlife is considered a need, especially for people who have worked all day, but the sale of sexual services is not necessary to promote hospitality and service. The researcher proposes the continuous service of alcohol to clients, but the cessation of sexual services. Another suggestion is to focus on ecotourism and heritage tourism, as the Philippines is known as a country rich in natural and heritage tourist destinations.