The social and cultural environment in which a company operates can be an important factor in the success or failure of the business. The social environment includes many dynamic factors such as social traditions, cultural influences, values and beliefs prevailing in society, social stratification, etc. Current challenges in the social and legal aspects of the environment • Democratization of environmental protection in practice • Litigation in the public interest • An international criminal court for the environment? • Environmental policy and culture-nature dichotomy • Extension of the precautionary principle and enlightened legal approaches Amy Strecker is a Research Associate at Leiden University`s Faculty of Archaeology. She obtained her PhD in International Law from the European University Institute in Florence in 2012. Her doctoral thesis, funded by a grant from the Irish Research Council, analysed landscape conservation as expressed in cultural heritage law, environmental law and human rights. Prior to joining Leiden University, Amy coordinated and taught a course in international human rights law at Boston University, Dublin. She is a visiting lecturer in heritage law at University College Dublin and more recently at the University of Nova Gorica in Venice. Amy has been actively involved in the European Landscape Network since 2008 and is currently the scientific editor of UNISCAPE – the network of universities implementing the European Landscape Convention. Q: Only international companies should conduct a social environment study before entering the market. True or false? Some important factors influencing the cultural and social environment of a country are: People and their environment: • Overview of contradictions and dilemmas in late capitalism • Increasing attention to environmental justice, equality and equity • Health and environment – increasing social attention The complexity of the human-environment relationship and its cultural dimensions, social, political and legal will be at the center of the course. The course examines the genesis of environmental knowledge from the perspective of environmental anthropology, environmental philosophy and ethics.

This module will also provide a legal reference point for students, which will be useful for both current studies and future practice. For example, they are familiar with the World Heritage nomination process; know where the limits of the law lie in the protection of cultural heritage; and be able to assess the possibilities of human rights and other legal frameworks. Emanuela Orlando is a lecturer in environmental law at the University of Sussex`s Faculty of Law, Policy and Sociology. His research focuses on European and international environmental law. Prior to her academic career, she worked for major international law firms and the European Commission and acted as legal advisor to the Italian Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea (IMELS) in the framework of its bilateral cooperation in the Balkans. A strong legal system is essential to the success of any business. A country therefore needs a strong and functioning legal system with laws that protect consumers and producers. There are various other issues such as company law, royalty law, patent law, intellectual property rights.

Environmental protection and human rights • Nature and scope of environmental rights in international law • The environment before international human rights tribunals • Regional human rights treaties • The promises and limits of human rights for environmental protection • Environmental rights in other international for a (investor courts) Main international instruments relating to protection Environment II • United Nations Declaration on the Environment (Stockholm 1972); • United Nations Declaration on Environment and Development (1992) • 1998 Aarhus Convention • Marine and freshwater protection • The Antarctic protection regime All these factors will shape the political and legal environment in which the company will have to operate and compete. There are three main elements of a political-legal environment. Let`s take a look. The following contributions have been selected by the editorial board of the Journal of Environmental Law and pursue an empirical or social law theoretical approach. By the end of this module, students will have an understanding of the role of law (particularly international law) in the protection of environmental heritage and the environment. They understand the legal context of their field of work and can draw on what is relevant to their own research and/or practice. This anthology represents an innovative attempt to overcome these limitations by combining legal and social perspectives. Together, the authors of the book develop an innovative approach to social law to respond more effectively to environmental damage and prevent it worldwide.

The book integrates theoretical and empirical work and presents carefully selected illustrations of how law and social sciences can be brought together to improve policy. The different chapters examine how a social law approach can ultimately lead to a more comprehensive understanding of environmental damage and innovative and effective responses to these environmental crimes. This is a non-market factor, but it can still have a strong impact on a business. The political-legal environment is a combination of many factors such as the current political party, the degree of politicization of trade and industry, the effectiveness of the current government, government policy, the current legal framework, the attitude of the public towards the economy, etc. Research interests: international law, cultural heritage law, environmental law, human rights, landscape and land use, legal history, cultural geography, critical heritage theory. Companies, especially international companies, always study the cultural and social environment of a country before entering the market. It is important that your goods and services correspond to the social environment of the country. Otherwise, the company could face backlash and losses. Concepts and their extension: • Environmental protection and ecology and their discourse – urban ecology, landscape-cultural landscape, climate change, pollution, green buildings, energy and environment, biodiversity, sustainability, etc.

• Sustainability and environmental policy (from scientific and technological knowledge to the public, population-environment debate on resource conflicts) • Environmental concerns and site design (landscape as a new design paradigm, green urbanism and architecture, cities and nature-urban ecology, conservation and restoration (conservation, recycling, upcycling, etc.) PART I: DESIGNING AN APPROACH TO SOCIAL LAW ON ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE 1. Forging a Socio-Legal Approach to Environmental Damages, Tiffany Bergin and Emanuela Orlando 2. Environmental Crimes and Harms: A Green Criminology Approach and Socio-Legal Challenges, Nigel South 3. The EU and environmental protection in criminal law, Ludwig Kramer 4. Green Criminology and Prevention of Ecological Destruction, Ruth E. McKie, Paul B. Stretesky, Michael J. Lynch and Michael A.

Long 5. A Law and Economics Approach to Environmental Crime, Michael Faure TEIL II: BEWERTUNG DER GRENZEN AKTUELLER ANSÄTZE FÜR UMWELTSCHÄDEN 6. Internationale Finanzinstitutionen als Vermittler von Umweltverbrechen, Dawn Rothe und Victoria E. Collins 7. Lessons from Deepwater Disasters: Common Ground in Oil Exploration in Brazil and the United States, Daniel Jacobs und Marcelo Varella 8. The Legal and Social Context of Wildlife Trafficking, Tanya Wyatt 9. Toxic ships, environmental crimes and North-South discourse, Jona Razzaque PART III: FINDING SOCIO-LEGAL SOLUTIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE: LESSONS FROM AROUND THE WORLD 10.